Iran’s new Quds Force leader vows ‘manly’ revenge for Soleimani

In the few public statements Qaani has made, he has slammed the US and Israel [File: Hossein Zohrevand/Tasnim News Agency via AP]

The newly appointed commander of Iran‘s Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps’ (IRGC) Quds Force has said the United States killed his predecessor, Qassem Soleimani, “in a cowardly way”, promising to “hit his enemy in a manly fashion”.

Esmail Qaani made the remarks on Monday at an introduction ceremony held for him by top IRGC commanders to mark the formal beginning of his tenure.

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“They [US] hit him [Soleimani] in a cowardly way, but with God’s grace and through endeavours of freedom-seekers around the world who want vengeance over his blood, we will hit his enemy in a manly fashion,” he said.

Soleimani’s assassination in a US air strike in Baghdad on January 3 pushed the US and Iran to the brink of war, but fears of an all-out conflict eased when retaliatory Iranian strikes against US targets in Iraq on January 8 concluded without any fatalities.

Iran’s Supreme Leader Ali Hosseini Khamenei has since called for the expulsion of all US troops from the region.

IRGC

The Quds Force is part of the 125,000-strong IRGC, a paramilitary organisation that answers only to Khamenei.

The IRGC oversees Iran’s ballistic missile programme, has its naval forces shadow the US Navy in the Persian Gulf, and includes an all-volunteer Basij force.

Under Soleimani, the Quds Force helped boost Iranian influence across the Middle East by building up a vast network of proxies.

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In Syria, the unit played a key role in shoring up support for embattled Syrian President Bashar al-Assad after the country descended into war in 2011.

It also armed and trained militias that helped defeat the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL, also known as ISIS) armed group in both Syria and Iraq.

Khamenei, while announcing Qaani’s appointment, said the Quds Force’s new chief was “among the most prominent IRGC commanders” during the 1980-1988 war between Iran and Iraq, adding that the unit under the veteran soldier will follow an “identical” strategy to that pursued by Soleimani.

At the slain commander’s funeral days later, Qaani, 62, pledged to continue on his predecessor’s path “with the same force”, saying his assassination “will be reciprocated in several steps by removing the US from the region”.

Qaani’s tenure

Born in the late 1950s in the city of Mashhad in northeast Iran, Qaani joined the IRGC in 1980, a few months before Iraqi forces invaded western Iran, triggering a bloody eight-year war which killed about a million people.

Soon after the war, Qaani was appointed as deputy chief of the IRGC’s ground forces.

Although it is unclear when Qaani joined the Quds Force, Iran’s state news agency, IRNA, said he was appointed as the unit’s deputy in 1997, the same year that Soleimani was named as its commander.

With a clear division of labour and maintaining geographically distinct spheres of influence, Soleimani and Qaani together played a strategic role in expanding Iran’s influence in neighbouring countries.

In the few public statements Qaani has made, he has slammed the US and Israel, and said in a 2017 article that US President Donald Trump’s “threats against Iran will damage America”.

In 2012, the US sanctioned Qaani, citing his role in financial disbursements to Quds Force’s “elements in Africa” and other “terrorist groups”.

SOURCE: Al Jazeera and news agencies

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